A Spice Story
A spice is a seed, fruit, root, bark, berry, bud or other vegetable substance primarily used for flavouring, colouring or preserving food. Spices are distinguished from herbs, which are parts of leafy green plants used for flavouring or as a garnish. Many spices have antimicrobial properties.
This may explain why spices are more commonly used in warmer climates, which have more infectious disease, and why the use of spices is prominent in meat, which is particularly susceptible to spoiling.
Spices are sometimes used in medicine, religious rituals, cosmetics or perfume production, or as a vegetable.